According to the WHO (2019), coronaviruses are an extensive family of viruses, some of which can cause various human diseases, ranging from the common cold to SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). Viruses in this family can also cause various diseases in animals.
The history of this virus dates back a long time since according to BBC (2020), the current crisis is also a bad memory: in 2002 an outbreak of another coronavirus, SARS (or severe acute respiratory syndrome) left hundreds of dead until before that this virus could be contained in mid-2003.
According to the same World Health Organization (2012), on September 22 of that same year, the presence of an acute respiratory syndrome with kidney failure had been known. According to these same sources, it was confirmed that there was a 49-year-old male patient residing in Qatar, who had started having symptoms of this virus on September 3 of that year.
According to what experts say, this new coronavirus can be transmitted from person to person. However, it has been confirmed that these types of infections do not occur through the air. This passes through tiny respiratory droplets that are expelled when someone with the virus coughs or sneezes, and someone breathes them indirectly.
Most of the cases that have been confirmed have released results on how to be close to the person, within 2 meters so that it can spread in this way.
Also, the same experts confirmed that it might be possible to contract this new coronavirus by touching any surface or object that is infected with the virus and then touching the mouth, nose, and possibly the eyes.
As of February 24, 2020, approximately 80,000 cases of coronaviruses have been confirmed worldwide, which has been a fatal number in terms of public health issues for the entire world, with China taking the most difficult part, with an approximate of 70,000 confirmed cases and 2,600 people died due to this virus.
Speaking of COVID-19, it can be, in general, significantly more susceptible to the destructive action systems when found on surfaces, since they are less resistant to disinfectants.
Effective and thorough disinfection of surfaces is a cardinal element in the set of preventive measures that must be taken to contain the spread of the new coronavirus. As a consequence, the system can effectively enlist preventive measures taken to contain the spread of the new coronavirus.